© Amra Sabic-El-Rayess. 2021.
If educational and mainstream narratives do not allow for the critical examination of grievances or perpetuates exclusion, educational disengagement or displacement occurs, which provides an opportune moment for radicalization to arise.
In essence, when we fail to provide educational space and content that addresses the grievances of at risk population/marginalized groups, alternative social/educational content undermining the mainstream narrative is likely to fill the void.
To read the paper in which Dr. Sabic-El-Rayess offers a detailed illustration of each step of the pathway of radicalization outlined within her model of Educational Displacement (shown above), please click here.